The last line of this stanza specifically refers to the wind as a spiritual being that drives away death and ghosts. The end of each canto features a rhyming couplet that allows the passionate urgency of the poet’s words to gain strength as his persona strives to merge his essence with that of the driving West Wind. Cleave themselves into chasms, while far below He always refers to the wind as “Wind” using the capital letter, suggesting that he sees it as his god. He imagines that he was a dead leaf which the wind might carry away or a cloud which the wind might blow. Learn ode to the west wind with free interactive flashcards. Of the dying year, to which this closing night The sapless foliage of the ocean, know. The speaker is aware of his own mortality and the immortality of his subject. This might, considering the format, be the creation of poetry. O thou 5 Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed The speaker says that the weight of all of his years of life have bowed him down, even though he was once like the wind, “tameless…swift, and proud”. Recognizing its power, the wind becomes a metaphor for nature’s awe-inspiring spirit. This pattern does change in some lines more than others. Freedom will grow, no matter what obstacles there may be, and Shelley's words will help it grow. Thou who didst waken from his summer dreams Just a heads up, great analysis, but in the first analysis of Canto 4, Stanza 1, you wrote He things instead of He thinks… also in Canto 2 stanza 4, a sepulcher is like a Christian tomb – the fact the Shelley in the poem is asking for death in a way may suggest that he wants this storm to seal his tomb that night in nature with all the power it can muster (to take him away from the miseries in his life at present and to be one in nature) as he then declares an epic burst of rain fire and hail? As then, when to outstrip thy skiey speed Quivering within the wave’s intenser day. He desperately hopes that he might leave behind his dying body and enter into a new life after his death. Copyright © 1999 - 2020 GradeSaver LLC. Rather, the speaker seems to see the fall leaves as a symbol of the dead, the sick, and the dying. Every single person that visits PoemAnalysis.com has helped contribute, so thank you for your support. Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed. The speaker stands in awe of the wondrous strength of the wind. With the last two lines of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker reveals why he has begged the wind to take him away in death. Make me thy lyre, even as the forest is: He longs to be at the mercy of the wind, whatever may come of it. One too like thee: tameless, and swift, and proud. What's your thoughts? FOr example, “everywhere” and “hear” in lines thirteen and fourteen. Ode to the West Wind Will take from both a deep, autumnal tone, Prenderà da entrambi un profondo, tono autunnale, Sweet though in sadness. Black rain, and fire, and hail will burst: O hear! In the fourth stanza, the persona imagines being the leaf, cloud, or wave, sharing in the wind’s strength. Ode to the west wind ppt 1. Winds take a pensive tone and stars a tender fire And visions rise and change which kill me with desire — — Emily Brontë, The Prisoner, (1845) It's a warm wind, the west wind, full of birds' cries; What if my leaves are falling like its own! The final section offers a different prayer to the Wind. Poetry is one of the less obvious themes in ‘Ode to the West Wind.’ The speaker seems to allude to a process of creation in the text, one that involves him personally. 43 If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; 44 If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; 45 A wave to … Thou dirge. And, by the incantation of this verse. Drive my dead thoughts over the universe Than thou, O Uncontrollable! Then, he hints that something is about to change when he mentions to Atlantic’s “powers”. Sii tu, Spirito feroce, My spirit! "This doesn’t look like a sonnet. Not affiliated with Harvard College. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. To refer to something like this could suggest that Shelley wants to trap and contain all of the power of nature inside the tomb, for it to ‘burst’ open in stanza 5. The consistent rhyme scheme demonstrations his dedication to praising the Wind and admiring nature. In some religions, particularly the Christian religion, there is the belief that to have a new life, one must receive the Holy Spirit into his bodily being. It is strong and fearsome. Kissel, Adam ed. The form of the poem is consistent in pattern. Now the poet asks the Wind to “Make me thy lyre.” He imagines himself as a musical instrument, producing, like the leaves “a deep, autumnal tone” as the Wind blows through him. The wingèd seeds, where they lie cold and low, The poem addresses the question of what the role of the poet is in enacting... See full answer below. Alliteration is a common type of repetition that appears when the poet repeats the same consonant sound at the beginning of words. Bibliography. This poem is written to make the people of the society realize that they are shackled in t… Of some fierce Maenad, even from the dim verge Ode to the West Wind Percy Bysshe Shelley (1819) I O WILD West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being Thou from whose unseen presence the leaves dead Are driven like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, Pestilence-stricken multitudes! The use of the word “azure” or blue, to describe the wind is in sharp contrast to the colors used to describe the leaves. O hear!" In ‘Mutability,’ Shelley takes everyday elements of life, from wind, to the sky, and emotions, and compares them to human nature and the facts of life. The sea-blooms and the oozy woods which wear Oh! It seems to act on “impulse” and its strength is “uncontrollable”. The speaker continues to describe the sea’s dreams as being of slower days when everything was overgrown with blue “moss and flowers”. Sweet though in sadness. The speaker continues to praise the wind and to beseech it to hear him. Again, the speaker addresses the wind as a person, calling it the one who will “loose clouds” and shake the leaves of the “boughs of Heaven and Ocean”. Be thou me, impetuous one! ‘Ode to the West Wind’ by Percy Bysshe Shelley is written in terza rima. ODE TO THE WEST WIND Shelley's ode to the West Wind v. 05.19, www.philaletheians.co.uk, 19 August 2018 Page 3 of 13 Ode to the West Wind 1 O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn’s being, 2 Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead 3 Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, 4 Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, Keeping in mind that this is an ode, a choral celebration, the tone of the speaker understandably includes excitement, pleasure, joy, and hope. When the trumpet of prophecy is blown, Christ is believed to return to earth to judge the inhabitants. Vaulted with all thy congregated might. Shelley makes use of several literary devices in ‘Ode to the West Wind.’ These include alliteration, personification, and apostrophe. "Wait a minute," we hear you saying. This stanza of Ode to the West Wind describes the dead Autumn leaves. The yellow, black, pale and hectic red colours signify the four major people of the world also. The use of capital letters for “West” and “Wind” immediately suggests that he is speaking to the Wind as though it were a person. Please log in again. According to Harold Bloom, Ode to the West Wind reflects two types of ode traditions: Odes written by Pindar and the Horatian Ode. He imagines what it would be like to be a dead leaf lifted and blown around by the wind and he implores the wind to lift him “as a wave, a lead, a cloud!” The speaker sees the wind as a necessary evil, one that eventually means that spring is on the way. These are also called homostrophic odes, as a consistent meter, line length, and rhyme scheme is … I bleed! A first-person persona addresses the west wind in five stanzas. By comparing the wind to an enchanter, Shelley imbues the wind with magical powers, suggesting it is grander and more significant than just ordinary wind. . This ode is composed by Percy Bysshe Shelly in 1819 and it was published in 1820 by Charles as part of the collection, Prometheus Unbound. This is particularly evident in the first stanza where all the lines are irregular. It is necessary for the circle of life to progress. lift me as a wave, a leaf, a cloud! As thus with thee in prayer in my sore need. Please continue to help us support the fight against dementia. The first two stanzas are mere praise for the wind’s power, covered in simile and allusion to all that which the wind has the power to do: “loosen,” “spread,” “shed,” and “burst.” In the fourth and fifth stanzas, the speaker enters into the poem, seeking (hoping) for equal treatment along with all other objects in nature, at least on the productive side. ODE TO THE WEST WIND BY P.B. This stanza of Ode to the West Wind is in reference to the sea’s reaction to the power of the wind. Here, nature, in the form of the wind, is presented, according to Abrams “as the outer correspondent to an inner change from apathy to spiritual vitality, and from imaginative sterility to a burst of creative power.”. "Ode to the West Wind" ends with faith in a poet's resurrection, not with a weather forecast. Il mio spirito! His 1819 poem “Ode to the West Wind,” in which the speaker directly addresses the wind and longs to fuse himself with it, exemplifies several characteristics of Romantic poetry. O thou, Who chariotest to their dark wintry bed Explain the lines in the first canto of "Ode to the West Wind." Thy voice, and suddenly grow grey with fear, Like the bright hair uplifted from the head. In the first stanza, the wind blows the leaves of autumn. At the first sign of the strong wind, the sea seems to “cleave” into “chasms” and “grow grey with fear” as they tremble at the power of the wind. Thus, the wind is described as a being like a god, with angels for hair. it drives away the summer and brings with it the cold and darkness of winter. The first stanza is written in the pattern of ABA while the second uses the same “B” rhyme sound and adds a “C.” So it looks like BCB. Shook from the tangled boughs of Heaven and Ocean. This is precisely what the speaker is asking the wind to do to him. If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; You’ve missed out the second “e” in Shelley’s name in the title! For one thing, a sonnet is a fourteen-line poem in iambic pentameter." My spirit! With living hues and odours plain and hill: With this stanza of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker describes the wind as something which drives away death, burying the dead, and bringing new life. The speaker then describes the wind as the bringer of death. Now, he compares himself to a man “in prayer in [his] sore need” and he begs the wind to “lift [him] as a wave, a leaf, a cloud”. The tone of "Ode to the West Wind" is somber contemplation. She has always enjoyed writing, reading, and analysing literature. Enjambement is another common technique. For example, ‘Adonais,’ ‘Mutability,’ and ‘Ozymandias.‘ The latter is a very memorable poem, one that’s often studied in schools around the world. The speaker says that each is like a corpse “until” the wind comes through, taking away the dead, but bringing new life. He also refers to the Greek God, Dionysus. Please support this website by adding us to your whitelist in your ad blocker. Pestilence-stricken multitudes: O thou, The speaker invokes the “wild West Wind” of autumn, which scatters the dead leaves and spreads seeds so that they may be nurtured by the spring, and asks that the wind, a “destroyer and preserver,” hear him. In the second stanza, the wind blows the clouds in the sky. Like withered leaves to quicken a new birth! And yet, his boyhood “seemed a vision”, so distant, and so long ago. Subscribe to our mailing list to get the latest and greatest poetry updates. It was usually a poem with a complex structure and was chanted or sung on important religious or state ceremonies. MOOD • The MOOD to be communicated is the sense of DYNAMIC FORWARD MOVEMENT. The wind then comes along like a chariot and carries the leaves “to their dark wintry bed”, which is clearly a symbol of a grave. The Question and Answer section for Percy Shelley: Poems is a great Instead of relying on traditional religion, Shelley focuses his praise around the wind’s role in the various cycles in nature—death, regeneration, “preservation,” and “destruction.” The speaker begins by praising the wind, using anthropomorphic techniques (wintry bed, chariots, corpses, and clarions) to personalize the great natural spirit in hopes that it will somehow heed his plea. Ode to the West Wind Explication Percy Bysse Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind is a dramatization of 600 Words | 3 Pages. The veneration of the West Wind is due to the fact that in every cycle of life the Wind will come and go and come again. This means that most of the lines contain five sets of two beats. – hopefully, you get the gist? How is "Ode to the West Wind" a revolutionary poem? GradeSaver, 29 August 2010 Web. O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being, Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing, Yellow, and black, and pale, and hectic red, When he says, “The trumpet of prophecy” he is specifically referring to the end of the world as the Bible describes it. The poet offers humility in the hope that the wind will assist him in achieving his quest to “drive [his] dead thoughts over the universe.” Ultimately, the poet is thankful for the inspiration he is able to draw from nature’s spirit, and he hopes that it will also be the same spirit that carries his words across the land where he also can be a source of inspiration. "The Indian Serenade" Summary and Analysis, "Song to the Men of England" Summary and Analysis. The wind serves an important role in preserving this. For example, “lie” and “low” in line one of stanza three of canto one as well as “steep sky” in stanza one of canto two. By the final stanza, the speaker has come to terms with the wind’s power over him, and he requests inspiration and subjectivity. He says, “If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?” He wants the wind to blow this trumpet. Ashes and sparks, my words among mankind! It brings “living hues” and “ordours” which are filled with new life. The impulse of thy strength, only less free Again, this stanza reflects a Psalm in the worship of a God so mighty that nature itself trembles in its sight. Again, the speaker refers to the wind as a spiritual being more powerful than angels, for the angels “of rain and lightening” are described as being “spread on the blue surface” of the wind. Subscribe to our mailing list and get new poetry analysis updates straight to your inbox. He wants to be like a lyre (or harp) played by the wind. When he is satisfied that the wind hears him, he begs the wind to take him away in death, in hopes that there will be a new life waiting for him on the other side. Beside a pumice isle in Baiae’s bay, Because of the speaker’s tone throughout Ode to the West Wind, it would make sense if this was the speaker’s own personal trumpet, marking the end of his life. Here, the speaker again appeals to the wind, calling it a “wild spirit” and viewing it as a spiritual being who destroys and yet also preserves life. I were as in my boyhood, and could be. This is yet another reference to the wind as a sort of god. He looks to nature’s power to assist him in his work of poetry and prays that the wind will deliver his words across the land and through time as it does with all other objects in nature. The sea, here, is also personified. The speaker asks the wind to “drive [his] dead thoughts over the universe” so that even as he dies, others might take his thoughts and his ideas and give them “new birth”. In his poem, “Ode to the West Wind,” Shelley uses a poignant and heart-rending tone to describe the power of nature and more specifically the wind. Shelley begins ‘Ode to the West Wind’ by addressing this wind which blows away the falling autumn leaves as they drop from the trees. Join the conversation by. What Shelley exhibits with his words in "Ode to the West Wind" is the glorification of something that will live for ever, that brings death in order to bring life, whereas he as a man will one day be gone for good. We respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn’s being, O Wind, French, Kory. He asks the Wind to let his spirit merge with the Wind’s mightier one: “Be thou me, impetuous one!” If even He has already described it as the Destroyer. It takes away the summer and brings winter, a season usually associated with death and sorrow. In the opening stanza of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker appeals to the wild West Wind. The majority of ‘Ode to the West Wind’ is written in iambic pentameter. "O wild West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being . Each like a corpse within its grave, until Summary of the poem Oxymandias in simple language. In the final line, he refers to himself as one who is in the final stages of his life when he says, “I fall upon the thorns of life! Of the horizon to the zenith’s height, It describes a long-abandoned and broken statue in the desert, one that looks out over a domain that no longer exists. The latter is an interesting device that is used when the poet’s speaker talks to something or someone that either can’t hear them or can’t respond. Her clarion o’er the dreaming earth, and fill This drives him to beg that he too can be inspired (“make me thy lyre”) and carried (“be through my lips to unawakened earth”) through land and time. Are driven, like ghosts from an enchanter fleeing. He praises the wind, referring to its strength and might in tones similar to the Biblical Psalms which worship God. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. Ode to the West Wind Explication Percy Bysse Shelley’s Ode to the West Wind is a dramatization of man’s useless and “dead thoughts” (63) and Shelley’s desire from the Autumn wind to drive these “over the universe” (65) so that not only he but man can start anew. Shelley engages with themes of death, rebirth, and poetry in ‘Ode to the West Wind.’ From the start, Shelley’s speaker describes the wind as something powerful and destructive. He thinks that when he was a boy, he may have been about to “outstrip” the speed of the wind. That's sort of the general gist of it. He realizes that for this to happen, his old self would be swept away. Because of the speaker’s tone throughout Ode to the West Wind, it would make sense if this was the speaker’s own personal trumpet, marking the end of his life. Shelly is considered as a revolutionary poet which can be clearly seen in his poem “Ode to the West Wind”. Good spot John, thanks for letting us know – it has since been corrected! Read the Study Guide for Percy Shelley: Poems…, An Analysis and Interpretation of Allen Ginsberg's America, The politics of Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind", The Danger of Deranged Appetites: When Hunger Hijacks Existence, View our essays for Percy Shelley: Poems…, View the lesson plan for Percy Shelley: Poems…, Read the E-Text for Percy Shelley: Poems…, View Wikipedia Entries for Percy Shelley: Poems…. But he asks the spirit of the wind to be his own spirit and to be one with him. You have wonderfully analysed the poem., But there are little more things to be added. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of select poetry by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Born : 1792, Horshom in Sussex Education : Eton and University College Oxford Spouse : Harriet Westbrook – 1811 Mary Shelley – 1814 Speciality : English Romantic poet, finest lyric, epic, poets in the English language. . Each of the five sections of "Ode to the West Wind" — has the form of a sonnet In a striking simile the poet compares his words to — ashes and sparks from a fading fire The speaker is clearly contrasting the strength of the wind to his own weakness that has come upon him as he has aged. Choose from 142 different sets of ode to the west wind flashcards on Quizlet. Readers who enjoyed ‘Ode to the West Wind’ should also consider reading some of Shelley’s other best-known poems. This is called terza rima, the form used by Dante in his Divine Comedy. Percy Shelley: Poems essays are academic essays for citation. In this stanza of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker asks the wind to come into him and make him alive. In the third stanza, the wind blows across an island and the waves of the sea. Keeping in mind that this is an ode, a choral celebration, the tone of the speaker understandably includes excitement, pleasure, joy, and hope. "Percy Shelley: Poems “Ode to the West Wind” Summary and Analysis". The blue Mediterranean, where he lay, Angels of rain and lightning: there are spread They are not described as colorful and beautiful, but rather as a symbol of death and even disease. Ads are what helps us bring you premium content! And tremble and despoil themselves: O hear! Shelley draws a parallel between the seasonal cycles of the wind and that of his ever-changing spirit. Wild Spirit, which art moving everywhere; In turn, he would have the power to spread his verse throughout the world, reawakening it. The poem is 'Ode to the West Wind,' and it's about his hope that his words will be carried, as if by the wind (hence the title), to those who need to hear them. In "Ode to the West Wind", Percy Bysshe Shelley eloquently expresses his private thoughts about nature and humanity by honoring the virtues and power of the Wind. Here, the speaker finally comes to his request. Describe Shelley's myth-making power in the poem "Ode to the west wind". Shelley draws a parallel between the seasonal cycles of the wind and that of his ever-changing spirit. The trumpet of a prophecy! This repeats throughout the text until the final two lines which rhyme as a couplet. The speaker asks the Wind to blow that trumpet. Without death, there is no rebirth. Be thou, Spirit fierce, Dolce sebbene in tristezza. Check out the fantastic analysis linked below; http://www.academia.edu/4830750/A_CRITICAL_EVALUATION_ON_PERCY_BYSSHE_SHELLEYS_ODE_TO_THE_WEST_WIND. Ode to the West Wind is romantic in two ways: 1- It is a nature poem. In addition to this, the poet also personifies the wind or gives it human abilities that forces or animals don’t naturally have. In this stanza of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker compares the wind to a “fierce Maenad” or the spiritual being that used to be found around the Greek God, Dionysus. This is not a peaceful nor beautiful description of the fall leaves. If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; This type of ode was named after Latin poet Horace, and unlike Pindar’s heroic odes, the Horatian form is more intimate, contemplative, and informal in tone and subject matter. Ode to the West Wind, poem by Percy Bysshe Shelley, written at a single sitting on Oct. 25, 1819.It was published in 1820. Thematically, then, this poem is about the inspiration Shelley draws from nature. resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel. "Ode to the West Wind" is heavy with descriptions, allegories, stunning imagery and hidden themes which reveal Shelley’s close … Not too fast: "Ode to the West Wind" has five cantos, each of which is fourteen lines and ends in a couplet. Lulled by the coil of his crystalline streams. He has not yet made a specific request of the wind, but it is clear that he views it as a powerful spiritual being that can hear him. He describes the dead and dying leaves as “Pestilence stricken multitudes”. The speaker continues the metaphor of the leaves as the dead by explaining that the wind carries them and “winged seeds” to their graves, “where they lie cold and low”. With the last two lines of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker reveals why he has begged the wind to take him away in death. All overgrown with azure moss and flowers Scatter, as from an unextinguished hearth He says, “If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?” This reveals his hope that there is an afterlife for him. He wants the wind to blow this trumpet. SHELLY 2. Destroyer and Preserver; hear, O hear! The “breath of autumn being” is Shelley’s atheistic version of the Christian Holy Spirit. The speaker asks the wind to scatter his thoughts as “ashes and sparks” that his words might kindle a fire among mankind, and perhaps awaken the sleeping earth. Again, the speaker begs the wind to make him be at its mercy. In the second stanza of the poem, Ode to the West Wind, the poet describes the way the wind blows the clouds in the sky. The use of ‘sepulcher’ is interesting too since this is referring to a small room/monument, in which a person is buried in, typically Christian origin. Sii tu me, o impetuoso! He calls the wind the “breath of Autumn’s being”, thereby further personifying the wind and giving it the human quality of having breath. Shelley's "Ode to the West Wind" is a good example of Shelley's poetic mind at work, and when it … Thou, from whose unseen presence the leaves dead The tumult of thy mighty harmonies. With this stanza of Ode to the West Wind, the speaker simply implies that the sea was dreaming of the old days of palaces and towers and that he was “quivering” at the memory of an “intenser day”. The comrade of thy wanderings over Heaven, Shelley’s wild, proud, untamed wind forms his personal emblem, the perfect symbol for and the impetuous agent of radical social change. The speaker describes the deathly colors “yellow” “black” and “pale”. The poem ends optimistically: "O Wind, / If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?" The login page will open in a new tab. He wants to be like the dead leaves which fall to the ground when the wind blows. As well as this, a sepulcher is an isolating way of being buried, which could indicate Shelley wants to move away from all his miseries and be finally at one with nature. Will take from both a deep, autumnal tone, Thou on whose stream, ‘mid the steep sky’s commotion, If I were a dead leaf thou mightest bear; If I were a swift cloud to fly with thee; A wave to pant … TONE Of forward motion appropriate for the physical nature of the wind and appropriate in foreshadowing the end of the poem, which looks forward to the spring. Here, the speaker finally brings his attention to himself. Loose clouds like Earth’s decaying leaves are shed, Just like the wind swept away the dead leaves of the Autumn, the speaker calls for the wind to sweep him away, old and decaying as he is. Of vapours, from whose solid atmosphere Ode to the West Wind by Percy Bysshe Shelley, The Flight of Love by Percy Bysshe Shelley, The cold earth slept below by Percy Bysshe Shelley, The Indian Serenade by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Even “hectic red” reminds one of blood and sickness. On the blue surface of thine airy surge, Remember, this is the being that was also described as having hair like angels. In the first lines, the speaker addresses the wind and describes how it creates deadly storms. The odes of Pindar were exalted in tone and celebrated human accomplishments, whereas the Horatian odes were personal and contemplative rather than public. In this case, the speaker starts out the poem by talking to the “West Wind” as though it can do both. He then mentions his own childhood. Percy Shelley: Poems e-text contains the full text of select poems by Percy Bysshe Shelley. Scarce seemed a vision; I would ne’er have striven. Thank you for your equally amazing feedback. Here, he describes it as one who brings “black rain and fire and hail..” Then, to end this Canto, the speaker again appeals to the wind, begging that it would hear him. The simile works on two levels: Visually, the dying, fading leaves bring to mind the gossamer, colorless form of ghosts; and symbolically, the dead leaves represent the past, the end of a season. Will be the dome of a vast sepulchre A heavy weight of hours has chained and bowed Despite the pattern, there are several half0rhymes in this piece. For whose path the Atlantic’s level powers. GradeSaver has a complete summary and analysis readily available for your use in its study guide for this unit. This reads almost as a Psalm, as if the speaker is praising the wind for its power. The first of which is unstressed and the second which is stressed. He then uses a simile to compare each leaf to “a corpse within its grave”. (Driving sweet buds like flocks to feed in air) in ‘Adonais,’ Shelley writes a tribute to fellow poet John Keats who died at the age of twenty-five. Thank you! The leaves are various colours, including yellow, black, and red. I bleed”. It’s as if the leaves have been infected with a pestilence or plague, that makes them drop en masse.
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